Great Britain: Jonathan Cape Ltd.; 1931:293-295. It is one of the most important spices in Kashmiri Pandit and Gujarati cooking. Fennel flowers have medicinal properties like that of anti-inflammation, and anti-bacterial. Pliny, a Roman naturalist and historian, listed medicinal uses for fennel. Wild Fennel prefers drier conditions and grows everywhere from fields to roadsides but usually within a reasonable distance of the coast – although I have seen it a long way inland. Also like dill, this herb has a score of herbal remedy and culinary uses. Advertisement. The leaves are simple and linear and are 2–15 cm in length. It is erect, glaucous green, and grows to heights of up to 2.5 metres (8 ft), with hollow stems. Calgary, AB: Wild Rose College of Natural Healing; 1992:118. Choose the best. Wild fennel is a very common plant in the UK and in some cases is even considered a pest as it can grow profusely and indeed invasively. Many people also use it to induce sleep, but be careful—for obvious reasons, it’s probably a good idea to consume the tea in moderation before bedtime. It is highly beneficial to reduce digestive cramping, gas, and bloating. Fennel seeds were utilized as medicine for conditions of the lungs, kidneys, digestion, liver, spleen, and gallbladder. The fruit is a dry schizocarp from 4–10 millimetres (3⁄16–3⁄8 in) long, half as wide or less, and grooved. Treats respiratory issues . Take that invasiveness as encouragement that fennel is really easy to grow. It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cooking and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Consume one to two drops of the spirits, one to three times a day. Black cumin, (Nigella sativa), also called black seed, black caraway, Roman coriander, kalonji, or fennel flower, annual plant of the ranunculus family (Ranunculaceae), grown for its pungent seeds, which are used as a spice and in herbal medicine. [25] Both the inflated leaf bases and the tender young shoots can be eaten like celery. They are also used in India for putting among linen to keep away insects- and the native doctors employ them … Dried fennel fruit is an aromatic, anise-flavored spice, brown or green in color when fresh, slowly turning a dull grey as the fruit ages. A bronze variety, with a milder flavour, is also available. are white flowered and resemble poison hemlock. On account of its aromatic properties, fennel fruit forms one of the ingredients of the well-known compound liquorice powder. Capsules: Consume two “00” capsules, up to three times per day. In many parts of India, roasted fennel fruits are consumed as mukhwas, an after-meal digestive and breath freshener, or candied as comfit. It was a common practice in Europe to boil fish with fennel leaves to reduce the odor and improve digestion of fatty fish. 13,687 fennel flower stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Did you know? Synonyms Ferula communis 'Gigantea' . Twin Lakes, WI: Lotus Press; 1992:117. [14] Several cultivars of Florence fennel are also known by several other names, notably the Italian name finocchio. Habitat and Locality: Fennel is native to the Mediterranean, and is cultivated throughout Europe, Asia, India, Australia, and North America. It can also simply be cut into wedges or quarters after removing the stem, depending on your chosen use. It is of cultivated origin,[13] and has a mild anise-like flavor, but is sweeter and more aromatic. Its aniseed or liquorice flavor[11] comes from anethole, an aromatic compound also found in anise and star anise, and its taste and aroma are similar to theirs, though usually not as strong. The volatile oils contained in the seed stimulate the mucus membranes in the digestive tract, encouraging motility and peristalsis. Native to southern Europe and Asia Minor, fennel is cultivated in temperate regions worldwide. Glycerite: Fresh [1:2,50% glycerin and 50% alcohol];consume 15-60 drops, up to three times a day. Fennel has spread through the coast of California and into Oregon, growing in dense colonies on roadsides and disturbed sites. The seeds and oil are also used for inflammation and are employed to reduce asthma and bronchitis symptoms and to treat rheumatoid arthritis. In desserts. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. At its maturity, fennel reaches a height of three feet. F. vulgare var. The Name: Foeniculum is derived from the Latin word feniculum or fenuculum meaning “hay,” referring to its sweet odor. ruburum (bronze fennel), F. vulgare var. The oil can be used to protect stored fruits and vegetables against growth of toxic fungi.3 Beekeepers have grown it as a honey plant.2 It is a purported antidote to poisonous herbs, mushrooms, and snakebites4 and it is also thought to be useful in treating gastroenteritis and indigestion, in stimulating lactation, as an expectorant, and as an emmenagogue.1 Tea made from crushed fennel … The finely chopped fresh leaves are a lovely addition to salads, root vegetable dishes, vinaigrettes, marinades, soups, herbal butters, cream sauce, fish or chicken dishes. All parts of the fennel plant are edible, from its tender leaves to its plump seeds. In Fennel oil, Fennel is a perennial, with pleasant-smelling herb along with yellow flowers. In North America, fennel may be found growing in the same habitat and alongside natives osha (Ligusticum porteri) and Lomatium species, useful medicinal relatives in the parsley family. Prepare it. Fennel is used in many different cuisines, from Indian to Italian, to contemporary fusion, and all parts of the plant are used, including the leaves, seeds, and bulb. The flowers are produced in terminal compound umbels 5–15 centimetres (2–6 in) wide, each umbel section having 20–50 tiny yellow flowers on short pedicels. [8], In the 15th century, Portuguese settlers on Madeira noticed the abundance of wild fennel, and used the Portuguese word funcho (fennel) and the suffix -al to form the name of a new town, Funchal.[9]. Other common names giant fennel meeting seed . The aroma of fennel seed essential oil is revitalizing, energizing, and helps to increase self motivation. Italian fishermen were reputed to introduce fennel to California where it naturalized (or became an invasive weed). Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society; 2006: 166-167. While anise seed is preferred for treating respiratory conditions, fennel can be incorporated into compounds for treating dry, hacking coughs, bronchitis, pneumonia, and asthma. Store the syrup in the fridge for up to one month. The stalks and bulbs can be cooked as a vegetable and shredded into salads. This came from Old English fenol or finol, which in turn came from Latin feniculum or foeniculum, the diminutive of fenum or faenum, meaning "hay". It is highly beneficial to reduce digestive cramping, gas, and bloating. Use fennel pollen in a dry rub or sprinkle it on just before you slide the chicken into the oven. Lomatium is an important historical food plant of Native Americans known as 'biscuit root'. The Egyptians and the Chinese used it strictly for medicinal purposes and their lore was brought back to Europe by early traders. Many cultures in India, Afghanistan, Iran, and the Middle East use fennel fruits in cooking. Fennel was believed to restore vision and strengthen the eyes. Emperor Charlemagne (742-814 A.D) was credited for introducing fennel cultivation to Central and Northern Europe, where it was grown on his imperial farms. © Copyright 1997-2013 The Northwest School For Botanical Studies. Or you might try fennel to lose weight. Showing 1-12 of 29 recipes. Part(s) Used:The fruits (seeds) are used as medicine. 2. Emperor Charlemagne required the cultivation of fennel on all imperial farms. The seed tincture or tea is effective for treating intestinal spasms that result from … For the plant 's tendency to self-seed may be a perennial in mild fennel flower uses! It while you can with our fantastic fennel recipes each other ( or became an invasive species and a plant! 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